Following a five-day trial in May 2016 in ART+COM Innovationpool GmbH v. Google Inc., C.A. No. 14-217-TBD (D. Del. Sept. 9, 2016), after which the jury returned a verdict of non-infringement and invalidity of the asserted patent, Judge Timothy B. Dyk, sitting by designation, considered (1) Plaintiff’s motion for relief from judgment under Rule 60(b); (2) Plaintiff’s motions for post-trial relief; and (3) Defendant’s renewed motion for judgment as a matter of law as to Section 101 invalidity.
The Court denied the Rule 60(b) motion. Plaintiff argued that the Court should have excluded the testimony of a fact witness who Defendant had retained as a consultant. The Court observed that case law “establish[ed] that a party can enter into agreements with fact witnesses that compensate those witnesses for consulting work and not trial testimony.” 60(b) Decision at 5. The Court concluded that this was the case here where there was no evidence that Defendant had compensated the witness for his testimony or that the consulting fees impacted the testimony, nor was the witness’s fee unreasonably high, even though the fee was five times more than his salary, in light of his expertise and the complexity of the case. Id. at 6-7. In light of Plaintiff’s opportunity to depose and fully cross-examine the witness, the Court also concluded that the consulting agreement had not prejudiced Plaintiff. Id. at 8-9.
The Court also denied Plaintiff’s motions for post-trial relief. Plaintiff had moved for judgment as a matter of law as to infringement and as to no invalidity, both of which the Court denied. See Post-Trial Relief Decision at 4-21. For example, as to invalidity based on a particular reference, the Court disagreed with Plaintiff that “the public must be able to ascertain the individual elements of an invention for [this particular reference] to constitute a public use.” Id. at 16. Rather, “[t]he critical inquiry is whether the invention is used without restriction of any kind.” Id. at 17. Here, the reference “was publicly demonstrated at two technical conferences, to attendees with knowledge in the art, without restriction or effort to maintain confidentiality,” and these acts were sufficient to constitute public use.” Id. at 18-19.