Judge Stark Grants Leave to File Supplemental Complaint to Include Claims of Indirect Infringement Based on Events Occurring after Filing of the Original Complaint
In a recent memorandum order, Judge Leonard P. Stark granted Plaintiff British Telecommunications’ (BT’s) motion for leave to file a supplemental complaint for patent infringement against Defendant Google. BT sought to file a supplemental complaint in order to include claims of indirect infringement for events occurring after the filing of its original complaint. More specifically, BT sought to add Google’s newly introduced product, Google Play, and to include indirect infringement claims based on Google’s knowledge of the patents-in-suit since at least the filing of the original complaint. British Telecommunications PLC, v. Google Inc., C.A. No. 11-1249-LPS, at 1 (D. Del. Sep. 20, 2012).
Noting that the Third Circuit “has adopted a liberal approach to granting leave to amend,” Judge Stark was “persuaded that the proper course of action is to grant Plaintiffs motion for leave to amend.” Id. at 1-2. He found “no evidence of undue delay, bad faith, or dilatory motive on the part of Plaintiff,” especially where “Plaintiff filed its motion before discovery began, within the time frame for supplementing or amending pleadings as set forth in the Scheduling Order, and within four months of filing its original complaint.” Id. at 2. Accordingly Judge Stark granted BT’s motion for leave to file a supplemental complaint.
This result is in accord with Judge Stark’s prior decisions regarding the knowledge requirement of indirect infringement, and Judge Stark stated as much: “Defendant's argument that the motion is futile because Plaintiff fails to state a plausible claim of indirect infringement is unpersuasive. While Defendant notes that decisions in this District are not uniform as to whether knowledge of a patent may be demonstrated by filing of a complaint, the undersigned judge has expressed the view that, for purposes of indirect infringement occurring after the filing date, ‘an accused infringer is on notice of the patent(s)-in-suit once an initial pleading identifies the patents-in-suit.’” Id. at 2 (citing Softview LLC v. Apple Inc., 2012 WL 3061027, at *7 (D. Del. July 26, 2012)).