Judge Stark grants Juniper Network's motion to dismiss ReefEdge's claims for willful infringement and indirect infringement
Judge Leonard P. Stark recently considered Juniper Network's motion to dimiss ReefEdge Network's claims of willful infringement and its amended claim of inducement. ReefEdge Networks, LLC v. Juniper Networks, Inc., C.A. No. 13-412-LPS (D. Del. Mar. 21, 2014). Prior to filing this motion, Juniper moved to dismiss ReefEdge's original claims of indirect and joint infringement. In response ReefEdge dropped its contributory and joint infringement claims and added a claim for willful infringement. Id. at 1. ReefEdge claimed Juniper knew of the patents-in-suit prior to the filing of the complaint because while Juniper's Deputy General Counsel was employed at Symantec Corporation, she marketed the patents-in-suit to ReefEdge. Id. at 2. After joining Juniper as Deputy Counsel and VP of Intellectual Property, ReefEdge met with Juniper to discuss licensing the same patents. Id.
Judge Stark disagreed with ReefEdge that because Juniper's Deputy Counsel was "responsible for managing all aspects of intellectual property at Juniper," her knowledge could be imputed to Juniper. Id. at 4. Judge Stark noted that ReefEdge did not allege that the Deputy General Counsel "was aware of Juniper's allegedly infringing products, which were on the market for years before [she] joined Juniper." Id. Nor did ReefEdge "'demonstrate a link between the various allegations of knowledge of the patents-in-suit and the allegations that the risks of infringement were either known or were so obvious that they should have been known.'" Id. (quoting MONEC Holding AG v. Motorola Mobility, Inc., 897 F. Supp. 2d 225, 236 (D. Del. 2012).
Regarding inducement, ReefEdge alleged that Juniper induced infringement by advertising and providing technical support services. Id. at 6. Judge Stark noted that "marketing activities are not sufficient to constitute induced infringement unless the marketing activities are coupled with actual knowledge of the patents-in-suit and awareness that the accused products infringe the patent-in-suit." Id. Because ReefEdge did not adequately plead pre-suit knowledge of the patents-in-suit and knowledge that those patents were being infringed, ReefEdge failed to state a claim for inducement prior to the filing of the complaint. Id. Judge Stark did, however, find that ReefEdge adequately pled inducedment based on post-filing knowledge because ReefEdge alleged that Juniper's "marketing activities and instructions to customers to use the accused products in an infringing manner" were ongoing even after Juniper "had actual notice of the alleged infringement by specific accused products as a result of the filing of the original complaint[.]" Id. at 7-8.