Supreme Court reiterates that a forum-selection clause should be “given controlling weight in all but the most exceptional cases.”
In Atlantic Marine Const. Co., Inc. v. U.S. Dist. Court for Western Dist. of Texas, 571 U. S. _ (2013), 2013 WL 6231157 (December 3, 2013), the Supreme Court not only reiterated that a valid forum selection clause must be given controlling weight, with rare exception - when considering a transfer motion under a 1404 analysis - but unamimously held that the analysis in those rare exceptions may give no weight to plaintiff's choice of forum and may only consider counterveiling public-interest factors. "When parties agree to a forum-selection clause, they waive the right to challenge the preselected forum as inconvenient or less convenient for themselves or their witnesses, or for their pursuit of the litigation. A court accordingly must deem the private-interest factors to weigh entirely in favor of the preselected forum."
Recognizing the applicability of Atlantic Marine to a forum selection clause in a patent license, yesterday the Supreme Court vacated and remanded a Federal Circuit decision refusing to enforce a forum-selection clause in an EDTX patent suit that, by the agreement, should have been filed in New York. See Broadcom Corporation v. USDC ED TX, et al., case number 12-1475.
Atlantic Marine settles a circuit split in authority. In the Third Circuit, guidelines for the applicability of a forum selection clause were established by Jumara v. State Farm Ins. Co., 55 F.3d 873, 883 (3d Cir.1995). Atlantic Marine, revises Jumara's guidance. It appears now that a forum selection clause is entitled to more than the "substantial consideration" - called for by Jumara - in a 1404 transfer analysis. It further appears that one may no longer rely on Jumara's reasoning that a forum selection clause is but "one facet of the convenience-of-the-parties consideration." Private-interest factors, as noted above, must now "weigh entirely in favor of the preselected forum."